Tuesday, 14 June 2016

Trabajo Infantil en Panamá

Unos de los problemas que presentan los niños y niñas de este país es la falta de educación, los niños y niñas a temprana edad viajan de los campos a las ciudades ya que en los campos las personas trabajan para satisfacer sus necesidades y no generan dinero.

Debido a su bajo nivel de escolaridad no les permite trabajar en una empresa, buscan trabajos como empleados domésticos en casas de familias, donde viven diferentes problemas  ocasionados por  sus jefes. Es un problema que se vive día a día, ya que las regiones más lejanas del país no tienen servicios y están alejadas de las oportunidades del país. Hay una gran desigualdad entre los pobladores del campo y la ciudad. Como adolescentes líderes hemos trabajado para salir adelante, necesitamos unir fuerzas para erradicar el trabajo infantil en nuestro país y así disminuir la tasa de niños y niñas  sin una educación de calidad.

Juan Camaño.
18 Años.

Pertenezco al grupo Fraternidad por los niños y niñas Veragüenses.
Santiago, Veraguas.

En el presente trabajo como maestro de escuela primaria para poder ahorrar dinero y continuar la Universidad el próximo año.

Estudio de caso del trabajo infantil en el trabajo doméstico en Costa Rica

DNI Costa Rica cuenta con una línea de atención a víctimas de trata, esclavitud moderna, abuso sexual y toda forma de violencia, donde se brinda atención psicosocial y legal. Llamada “Línea Mano Amiga”.

Por lo que de manera regular se reciben llamadas en donde se hacen consultas acerca derechos laborales. En el siguiente caso se ejemplifica un tipo de violación de derechos humanos  que sufren las personas adolescentes, en ella se podrá encontrar el tipo de intervención que se realizó por parte de la organización.

Se recibe una llamada de una adolescente de 16 años, de una comunidad urbana marginal. Comenta que está realizando trabajo doméstico en donde realiza funciones como limpieza, preparación de alimentos y el cuido de dos niños. La adolescente llama para hacer una consulta sobre sus posibilidades de seguir estudiando, dado que la señora donde trabaja no le permite ir al colegio. Por teléfono nos damos cuenta que la adolescente tiene horarios laborales muy extensos; de las 6 am hasta 8 o 9 de la noche, que solamente tiene un día libre, pero durante este día generalmente recibe una llamada de la empleadora solicitando “su colaboración” para cuidar a los niños para que puede hacer mandados.

Atención proporcionada:
  • Después de una intervención telefónica en donde se le explica a la adolescente acerca de sus derechos laborales con relación al horario, pago, funciones a realizar, etc. se decide visitarla en la comunidad para poder brindar una atención individualizada.
  • En una cita, en la comunidad, donde se atienda a la adolescente en un espacio comunitario (local de una Asociación de Desarrollo) se profundice sobre la situación de la adolescente y se determina que la adolescente vive situaciones severas de abuso y de explotación ya que existe un abuso psicológico y manipulación constante de la empleadora hacia la adolescente, descalificándola y criticándola de manera permanente. También la adolescente no goza de ninguna protección y garantías laborales y el salario que percibe es bastante bajo. También las horas que laboran sobrepasan lo permitido y además realiza funciones, como es el cuido de los niños, que no son permitidos por ley.
  • Se hace una visita al trabajo de la adolescente en donde se conversa con la empleadora y en donde se informa a la señora acerca de la legislación existente. La señora manifiesta que le es imposible poder cumplir con la normativa dado que le significaría que gran parte de sus ingresos tendría que gastar en una empleada doméstica. Se sugiere a la señora alternativas para el cuido de sus hijos y se le informa que esta situación no puede perdurar dado que violan los derechos (laborales) de la adolescente.
  • Se informa a la oficina de protección al trabajador adolescente del Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social sobre la situación y la intervención que se está dando.
  • Junto con la adolescente se inicia a buscar un nuevo trabajo, de acorde a la normativa y que le permite retomar sus estudios, entrando nuevamente al colegio nocturno de su comunidad.
  • Se logra encontrar otro trabajo para la adolescente, que le permite estudiar y en donde cuenta con las condiciones necesarias para su protección.
  • Asimismo se apoya a la adolescente en matricularse en el colegio nocturno para que vuelve a retomar sus estudios.
  • Se mantiene un contacto telefónico de manera regular para garantizar que la adolescente se encuentra en condiciones adecuadas.  

Lutte contre le Travail des Enfants au Bénin : « Recrutement et Placement des enfants »

Eduquer un enfant est un sacerdoce dont certains parents se sont désengagés. Des êtres si fragiles qui n’ont pas demandés à naitre et qui se retrouvent pris par les tourments de la vie et condamnés à survivre.

Aujourd’hui près de 178 millions d’enfants sont au travail, dont 120 millions âgés de 5 à 14 ans.
5millions d’enfants sont considérés, en situation d’esclavage. Des chiffres accablants et révoltants. Ce qui consiste en une violation des droits de l’enfant (extrait doc Plan Bénin).

De l’aide familiale, au champ, à l’exploitation, dans les mines ou dans la construction, le travail des enfants revêt des formes très différentes au Bénin.

Ainsi les enfants sont envoyés des campagnes vers les villes, mais  aussi vers les pays  voisins comme le Nigéria pour aller travailler dans des carrières de pierre, ou la côte d’ivoire. Loin  des leurs, ils se retrouvent  dans une situation de vulnérabilités extrêmes et soumis à toutes les formes possibles d abus : heures de travail excessives, violence physique et verbale, violences sexuelles…..

Mais la pratique la plus courante est celle des enfants vendeurs ambulants, apprentis, manœuvres ou aides de maison.

Pour assouvir les besoins fondamentaux que sont : se nourrir, se loger et se vêtir ; ces enfants se retrouvent très tôt confronter aux aléas et méandres de la vie active. D’autres se retrouvent au sein de chaine de production très complexe qui usent leur santé, leurs vie, leur épanouissement. Certains enfants se prostituent pour se nourrir. D’autres habitent et dorment dans des espaces publics comme le marché international ‘’Dantokpa’’ et le stade de l’amitié ‘’General Mathieu Kerekou’’. D’autres ne voient leur salut qu’en rejoignant les bandes organisées qui sèment la désolation et le chaos dans les villes.

Tout ceci constitue une violation majeure des droits de l’enfant Bénin. Et il convient donc  de combattre le phénomène de la  façon la plus juste qu’il soit.

Heureusement que beaucoup d’ONG Nationales ou Internationales (LERB, ESAM, Global March, Plan International Bénin, UNICEF etc…) se mobilisent à travers des campagnes de sensibilisations, des campagnes de préventions en agissant sur les causes profondes que sont :
  • la pauvreté,
  • l’éducation,
  • l’amélioration des cursus et de l’accueil scolaire,
  • le changement des mentalités,
  • la politique etc … Pour essayer de faire diminuer ces taux alarmants.
Car  ‘’Chaque enfant qu’on enseigne, est un homme qu’on gagne’’ dixit Victor Hugo. En renchérissant, on pourra dire ‘’ chaque enfant qu’on éduque est un bénéfice pour sa nation’’
On peut donc dire que la lutte contre la traite des enfants est un travail de fourmi, mais qui donne des résultats durables. C’est là l’objectif de l’ONG LERB  et de ses partenaires  dont GLOBAL MARCH.

Francine TOUPE ENIANLOKO
Présidente de l’ONG LERB (Les Enfants de la Rue Bénin)

Tuesday, 1 March 2016

Child Labour in Humanitarian Crisis

In today’s volatile world, more than 100 million people are in an urgent need of humanitarian assistance, of which 50 percent are children. More than 60 million people have been displaced and are facing extreme situations due to conflict, emergencies and natural disasters. Some of the major consequences of these are mass displacement, separation of families, loss of parents, lack of opportunities in the formal labour market, increased poverty, and greater chances of children going missing and becoming invisible. Prone to more vulnerability, children in such delicate times remain the worst sufferers who continue to be attacked, used as combatants, abused physically and sexually, raped and forced into some of the most abusive forms of work such as sex slavery and soldiering. UNICEF estimates that 50-60% of the population affected by disasters is children and nearly a billion children live in countries that were affected by conflict in 2013 or 2014 alone. However, lack of basic preparedness standards during natural or man-made disasters, and the emergency preparedness plans that do exist, have often failed to address the needs of the children, hence intensifying the need for child-friendly crisis plans and policies.

Given the mentioned backdrop, in the absence of educational systems for children, due to legal and social barriers to employment for adults and cultural inappropriateness for women to work, millions of children go missing into the shackles of bonded or forced labour in the hopes that resources gained will enable other family members to survive. Moreover, there are a large number of children that migrate unaccompanied and eventually find themselves in the worst forms of child labour. These children who are breadwinners of their families or who are trafficked and forced into slavery, are often labelled as ‘invisible or missing children’.

Due to the ongoing conflict in Syria, it is estimated that 1 in 10 Syrian refugee children in the region are engaged in child labour. Children affected by the conflict are at serious risk of becoming trafficked, abused, exploited, raped and in some cases beaten to death. Millions are out of school and it is feared that Syria is losing a whole generation of its youth.  Nearly 5 years into the Syrian war, some 4 million Syrian and host community children and youth aged 5-17 years are in need of education assistance, including 2.1 million out-of-school children inside Syria and 700,000 Syrian children in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt. But with no political solution in sight to one of the most brutal conflicts the world has seen in decades, the number of children missing out on an education continues to climb. It is no co-incidence that the countries with the highest numbers of child labourers-Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan that have been affected by longstanding conflict and emergency situations-are also the countries with the highest out of school populations.

Comparative analysis between war‐affected and non‐war‐affected regions done by ILO reveals that child economic activity is higher in the war‐affected regions than in the regions that enjoyed relative security. A recent analysis further emphasises that adolescents, specifically girls, are the age group that is most frequently missed by international assistance. Therefore it is not an understatement to say that without targeted national and international efforts, children and adolescents will continue to face barriers and miss out on education, miss out on social protection and remain at risk of being abused, injured and face death, during conflicts and emergencies.

It cannot be false to say that these problems are intensified by the absence of a strong and effective child protection system, including the lack of policies backed by adequate resources, capacity and measures to improve child protection in emergencies.

It is important to note that true prevalence of child labour is always higher than what is reported. Because child labour is illegal in many countries, refugee families and employers in the host countries often hide the practice for fear of legal consequences. It is often difficult to track the occurrence of child labour in such situations as many children are engaged in irregular, short-term jobs that change daily and in unpaid work. Also because of the frequent movement of the refugees, children engaged in work go unnoticed.

Nearly a year ago the world witnessed another grave emergency in Nepal as two earthquakes killed an estimated 8,500 people and injured another 20,000 in Nepal. An estimated 12,000 Nepalese children are trafficked every year, but since the two catastrophic earthquakes, the threat of  child rights abuses with many reported cases of trafficking, child marriage, child labour and violence against children is said to be even higher.

According to a recent report from the European Union’s intelligence agency, nearly 10,000 refugee children have gone missing- many being feared to have fallen in the hands of organised trafficked syndicates.

Education is a proven strategy to reduce and eliminate child labour and violence against children in crisis situations. Education is a necessary tool to break the cycle of poverty faced by displaced children. However, despite several emergency situations that the world has seen, the financing for education along with financing for children specifically remains low, leaving millions of children without any hope for their future.

The Secretary-General’s Report on World Humanitarian Summit, that is going to be held in Mat in Istanbul, turkey this year,  brings some optimism, as he focuses on the fact that now every country should have inclusive national developmental strategies, laws, economic and social policies and safety nets to protect and respect all vulnerable people including children.

The adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals in September 2015, wherein world leaders committed to ensuring inclusive and quality education, eliminating forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and ending all forms of violence against children represented in Goal 4, 8.7 and 16.2, provides the impetus to this bold ambition. It is now a legal and moral responsibility of the heads of states, global leaders in business, NGOs and people affected by crises to create a more humane world and ensure no one is left behind and those furthest behind are reached first.

Global March Against Child Labour works to advocate for rights of vulnerable children engulfed in the cruelties of war, disasters and emergencies. We believe that every child has a right to a safe environment and a happy childhood- free of abuses and exploitation.

Therefore in our engagements with partners, world leaders, NGOs, Governments and people like you, we stress on the fact that humanitarian response mechanisms that the world currently is used to, during the times of emergencies, needs reform and greater inclusion of child protection measures and targeted programmes to eliminate child labour, child slavery and child trafficking.

While you and your child may feel secure right now, there are millions of children who feel the opposite due to the harsh circumstances they are facing. You and we together can make a difference to the lives of such children, by only raising our voices and concerns about them. Join our efforts to talk more and more about greater inclusion of child labour in humanitarian assistance efforts and need for proper child protection measures for prevention of worst forms of child labour in the fragile states and the countries hosting refugees.

You can join our movement by copy pasting the following line in your Facebook/Twitter Feed and tag us and World Humanitarian Summit in the same.

Facebook: “Greater inclusion of child slavery, child trafficking and prevention of worst forms of child labour is needed in humanitarian response mechanism.” Global March Against Child Labour WHSummit

Twitter: ““Greater inclusion of child slavery, child trafficking and prevention of worst forms of child labour is needed in humanitarian response mechanism.” @kNOwchidlabour @WHSummit

Every voice raised for the rights of children is a movement in itself. By speaking more and more about children's rights we can ensure that the concerned authorities are listening and we cannot do this without you.

Thursday, 8 October 2015

Sustainable Development Goals - Q & A


On 25th September 2015, the world leaders adopted the famous Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the coming 15 years.

What are these goals and what do they mean for the world’s most vulnerable children-children in hazardous child labour, the ones trafficked, the ones in slavery and afflicted upon by violence? What do they mean for me? Read on to know more.

What are the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and what is Global March Against Child Labour’s role in SDGs?

The Sustainable Development Goals are a set of 17 goals and 169 targets agreed by the world leaders and designed to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030. These goals replace the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in the year 2000. Despite the overall success of the MDGs, they failed to include goals on ending child labour, slavery and trafficking, and many other goals that are now included.

With extensive advocacy for years by various child rights organisation across the globe, three major goals and targets have taken shape as part of SDGs, giving us a clear agenda for promoting children’s rights. Global March Against Child Labour network too, through years of lobbying and campaigning was finally able to get a dedicated Target - 8.7, on eradicating slavery, trafficking and child labour in all its forms. The three goals and targets relating to Global March’s work are as follows:

Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

Target 8.7: Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers and by 2025, end child labour in all its forms.

Target 16.2: End abuse, exploitations, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.

The United Nations adopted the 17 Sustainable Development Goals as follows:

Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation
Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reserve land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development

See detailed goals and targets on this UN page.

Global March Against Child Labour being one of the foremost voices of the unheard children, feels a greater responsibility for ending violence against children in the world and contribute effectively implementation of the SDGs. Out of the 17 goals and 169 targets, Goal 4, Target 8.7 and Target 16.2, especially form the central strategic framework and long term plans for the organisation.

Global March as a strong global network of NGOs, trade unions and teachers’ associations working to end child labour, trafficking and slavery and promote education, aims to support governments and other civil societies in the implementation of SDGs in the following ways:
  • Provide support to the governments to reflect the new global agenda in the national developmental plans, policies and legislations.
  • Build capacity of partners and other stakeholders.
  • Nurture and strengthen worldwide movement of stakeholders in realisation of mutual goals for sustainable development.
  • Foster meaningful and positive social change through awareness raising, outreach and social mobilisation.
  • Coordinate advocacy activities in partnerships on policies and programmes
  • Collate and develop knowledge based evidences.

We are deeply involved in the SDG roll out and are determined to implement the SDGs for making the world a better place for children.

Why the Sustainable Development Goals? 

The experience of forming goals at a global level in the year 2000, showed us that a global framework can yield results and bring a collective change in society. The proof was the reduction in extreme poverty rate by half in 2015.

Since the year 2000 the number of child labourers too got reduced from 246 million children to 168 million children by 2012, in spite of the fact that ‘child labour’ did not find a mention in the MDGs.

If the world could witness such a drastic decrease in the number of child labourers without a focussed global framework for curbing the issue, just imagine what all we can do and how greater impact we can make by achieving Target 8.7 and Target 16.2 of the SDGs.

It is also vital to understand that without eliminating child labour, slavery and trafficking, many development goals particularly the goal on universal primary education, poverty reduction, decent work and gender equality cannot be achieved, as there remains a complex nexus amongst all these issues. While poverty pushes children into work at an early age, the denial of opportunity to go to school and gain employable skills can further hamper development of the child, and trap them in the vicious cycle of poverty and vulnerability.

Since last few years, the world has seen some progress in reduction of children engaged in hazardous labour, but a staggering figure of 5.5 million children still remain in slavery, bonded labour and trafficking.  Moreover, what is worrisome is the slow pace of reduction in the number of out of school children that currently remains at 59 million children.  These out-of-school children are at risk of exploitation and are most likely to be engaged into child labour at the cost of their education, health, freedom, overall well-being and development, and thus increasing the chances of gruesome violence against children.

A good question to ask is why do we not see these children in our daily lives? The answer is because they are practically invisible and hidden. Child slaves are made to work in mines, factories, agricultural fields, farms, garment industry and prostitution, away from a layman’s sight.

Now that child labour, slavery and trafficking have found mention in the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development with a dedicated goal on education, there is hope that one day we will see an end to the misery of thousands of children in the world.

How are the SDGs different from MDGs?

The SDGs are different from MDGs in many ways:
  • While MDGs were formed to reach half-way in eliminating poverty and other socio-economic issues of the world, the SDGs aim to finish the job- to get a statistical ‘zero’ on targets of poverty, hunger, child labour, slavery and trafficking, and promote quality education for all.
  • SDGs are universal, meaning that all countries, businesses, aid agencies and civil societies are expected to implement this bold agenda for change.
  • SDGs are a set of much more comprehensive goals than the MDGs. In the year 2000, 8 goals were set for the global agenda, however this time round, 17 comprehensive goals have been chalked out for sustained global effort making it more inclusive and rights based.
  • SDGs were formed through a participatory approach wherein more than 100 countries participated in the worldwide consultation including civil societies and ordinary citizens. Global March Against Child Labour too participated in the consultation and was a party to some major recommendations on ending child labour, slavery and trafficking.
  • SDGs view economic development of countries as the central strategy to fund the implementation of the goals. MDGs on the other hand were mainly dependent on aid flows.
  • Monitoring, evaluation and accountability never found mention in the MDGs. SDGs lay great emphasis on the same for effective implementation of the goals.
  • While MDGs focussed on achieving increase in number of enrolments in school, SDGs talk about the importance of quality education in the overall development of a child. 

How will the goals be funded?

According to UN estimates, for the new goals to be met will require as much as $11.5tn a year, $172.5tn over the 15-year timeframe.

The Education for All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report team estimates that an annual funding gap of at least US$22 billion will be needed to achieve universal lower secondary education of good quality till 2030. And for universal upper secondary education, the gap extends to US$39 billion.

When will the goals come into force?

The member states of the UN agreed to the goals and targets on 25-27 September 2015 and these will come into force from January 2016. The deadline for the achievement of most of the goals and targets is 2030.

What does this mean for me?

It is important to note that SDGs are a voluntary global agreement and implementation of the goals across countries will largely be determined through decisions made by national governments.

This means that being the citizens of our countries and as global citizens, we all have an important responsibility in making sure that our governments invest, implement and make SDGs a success.

You can start today by urging your country leaders to reach the most vulnerable children, especially the ones engaged in child labour, slavery and trafficking. Join our campaign End Child Slavery Week  now to make a difference.

And please take a moment to sign up to our e-newsletter. You’ll get useful information and opportunities to use your voice to stand in solidarity with the world’s children and fight for their right to be free from exploitation and receive education. ​


Monday, 5 October 2015

Field Visit to Ghana

From Left to Right: Andrews Tagoe, Regional Coordinator GMACL, Anglophone Africa, Deepika Mittal, Campaigns Officer GMACL, Hon MP Joseph Amenowade, Cleophas Mally, Regional Coordinator GMACL, Francophone Africa

The Global March International Secretariat (GMIS) in July 2015 concluded a successful project visit to Africa. Under this current project “Capacity Building and Strengthening Global March Movement under Post-2015 Agenda”, supported by the Government of Netherlands, Global March is carrying out focused activities at the national, regional and international levels to fight against child labour, child trafficking, child slavery, violence against children, and promote of education for all. 

The 3 day visit to Accra (Ghana) centred on building the momentum of the project and increasing the reach of the Global March movement. The visit involved meeting with existing network partners including General Agricultural Workers Union (GAWU), WAO Afrique (Togo), connecting with representatives from committed CSOs like International Cocoa Initiative (ICI), Child Rights International (CRI) and bringing new civil societies on board like the Ghana NGOs Coalition on the Rights of the Child (GNCRC) to the Global March network. The Global March International Secretariat staff also met with Ms. Caecilia Wigers, the Deputy Head of Mission at the Embassy of the Kingdom of Netherlands in Ghana, apprising her of the project and activities as well. 

Also following up on the “Parliamentarians without Borders for Children’s Rights” (PWB) initiative of Global March, an insightful interaction was held with the Honourable Member of Ghanaian Parliament and child rights crusader, Mr. Joseph Amenowade as well. Mr. Amenowode expressed his support to the work being carried out by Global March across the globe and especially in Africa. He committed to being an active member of PWB and also support the current project in any way that he can.